Could We Use Blockchain Voting for National Elections? Alexandria

It seems especially timely now as large swaths of the world’s population are raising questions about election integrity — most notably in the United States, but in other countries as well, such as Brazil. The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Blockchain voting may well revolutionize modern politics and lead to a fairer political system.

  • Due to the integration of technology, now many people can also vote online.
  • Russia is another country to test the capabilities of blockchain technology for enhancing balloting.
  • This feature makes it easier for enterprises to adopt blockchain-based voting to vote on internal matters or elect key members of staff.
  • Thanks to encryption and decentralization, blockchain’s database of transactions is incorruptible, and each record is easily verifiable.

In the early stages of its evolution, voters had always faced trust issues regarding their votes. They thought their ballot was being altered, discarded, or replaced after they cast their votes in person or via the mail. Electronic voting technologies backed by the security properties of blockchain can be used to reduce the risk of votes being manipulated after being cast and before being tabulated. In such a system, voters cast ballots in polling stations using electronic voting machines, which record the data onto a blockchain and provide voters with a paper receipt of their vote for auditing purposes.

Challenges of Using Blockchain for Voting

For instance, to give you more idea, a hacker could get his hands on a database of voters in a constituency and wipe off a few thousand records. As a result, when these voters visit the polls, they won’t be able to vote for anyone as the system won’t be able to detect them. US Vote offers actionable answers to domestic voter questions and overseas voter issues. Our help desk team provides individual, personalized answers to your voting questions. During the 2016 presidential election, Votem was used to facilitate voter registration as well as absentee ballot requests and delivery in Montana and Washington, D.C. Candidate dissatisfaction, electoral process frustration and voter place inaccessibility all play a role.

Since the blockchain is owned and run by that single organization, there is no independence among the participants, no real check-and-balance effect, and no essential security improvement over an ordinary centralized database. The single-owner strategy sacrifices whatever virtues there might be of a multi-owner blockchain. Nonetheless, some companies are marketing exactly this kind of blockchain election, and even claiming it is an advantage.

A general election in the UK, for example, costs £150 million, which is around $190 million up to date. An engineer, a gadget-freak, and a perfection fanatic – the ideal combination of a tech-nerd! This Enterprise Blockchain Analyst seems to have an unfathomable interest in blockchains, which makes him perfect for sharing his new discoveries on 101 Blockchains. However, it will automatically verify and streamline the whole process effectively when you are doing it online. More so, you also have to make sure all these workers are honest and do not any connection to any political party in the vote. As the justice system cannot handle the issue, the bad players can easily get away with it.

Xiao S., Wang X.A., Wang W., Wang H. Survey on Blockchain-Based Electronic Voting; Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems; Oita, Japan. At OriginStamp, we are committed to protecting important documents, data and other valuable assets. Imagine hackers can get into a voting system way before the event starts and keep rigging the entire process without letting anyone know.

Blockchain in Identity Management

And given that state departments and corporations are regularly hacked, and Russia was proved to have meddled in the US elections in 2016, could we ever really trust that an online election was fair? South Korea’s capital city Seoul is taking part in using blockchain for voting. At present, they are making sure that the citizen platform Democracy Seoul is fully integrated with blockchain to prevent any voting frauds.

It is also worth noticing that most blockchain-based systems now demand KYC checks for each individual who registers on the platform. The same concept can be applied to a voter as well, thus increasing the system’s overall security. Paper ballots plus routine manual audits provide the trustworthy records and procedures needed to verify and demonstrate that the declared election outcomes are correct. Strong audits provide better security than any all-electronic voting system can, especially Internet voting systems. Blockchains, despite the hype surrounding them, offer no defense against the well-known threats to which all online elections are vulnerable.

Because of its flexibility, simplicity of use, and cheap cost compared to general elections, electronic voting is widely utilized in various decisions . Despite this, existing electronic voting methods run the danger of over-authority and manipulated details, limiting fundamental fairness, privacy, secrecy, anonymity, and transparency in the voting process. Most procedures are now centralized, licensed by the critical authority, controlled, measured, and monitored in an electronic voting system, which is a problem for a transparent voting process in and of itself. As of yet, we have a handful of startups working in the blockchain space to revolutionize voting.

what is blockchain voting

But in a blockchain you can just insert data but cannot update or delete. Hence when you insert something, it stays there forever and no one can manipulate it- Thus name immutable ledger. Blockchain is a technology that is rapidly gaining momentum in era of industry 4.0. With high security and transparency provisions, it is being widely used in supply chain management systems, healthcare, payments, business, IoT, voting systems, etc. Poor transaction speeds may limit the effectiveness of blockchain voting. For instance, independent, non-partisan individuals can be selected to validate votes cast on the blockchain.

Data Availability Statement

These individuals have little reason to collude and can make sure elections are free, fair, and credible. Each user has a wallet that they can use to store tokens, cryptocurrencies, Top 10 JavaScript Online Courses for Beginners in 2022 Best of Lot and other forms of digital data. Before transactions are added to the blockchain, a subset of nodes must solve cryptographic puzzles to win the right to validate transactions.

what is blockchain voting

U S elections are conducted at the state level except that Congress has authority to mandate a uniform manner for conducting such elections for federal candidates in all states. Followmyvote could be implemented for casting ballots in lieu of Federal form 186 Federal Absentee Write-in Ballot for US citizens voting from overseas. Presumably there is no systemic problem with any number of write-in candidates for such balloting. We as a blockchain development company take your success personally as we strongly believe in a philosophy that „Your success is our success and as you grow, we grow.“ We go the extra mile to deliver you the best product. Data entry into the system can be highly secure, using a biometric ID on your smartphone and two-factor authentication.

Blockchains Scores 13 Badges in the Latest G2 Winter 2022 Reports

The largest of these tapped 220,000 citizens and the voting results were publicly auditable. Then, there’s sparsely populated Greenland, where the vast distances make it difficult for people to vote in person. Marta Piekarska, senior DAO strategist at ConsenSys, recalls working at Hyperledger in 2016, where blockchain voting was discussed as a promising use case.

And in 139 BC, the Romans introduced paper ballots for voting that were similar to the ones we use today. Surprisingly, the way we vote has not really changed that much since the height of the Roman empire. Sure, a few countries use electronic voting machines, but the vast majority of elections still Creating an Investing App: Tips & Recommendations rely on paper ballots. It’s been already using this technology for many governmental sectors already. The Government also used this system to cast votes, and now they are powering their internal elections using this technology. Therefore, it’s time for the blockchain voting app to step up the game.

Afterward, transactions are bundled into „blocks“ and added to the ledger. Independent monitoring bolsters the legitimacy of election results by incorporating unbiased observation of election processes and ensuring that stakeholder in elections cannot subvert fair competition. Election observation groups, political parties, and the media can and should play a critical role in pushing for election technology The 8 best code editors for Chromebook implementations that are secure and independently auditable. Electronic voting technologies backed the security properties of blockchain can be used to reduce the risk of votes being manipulated after being cast and before being tabulated. In some cases, citizens may be concerned about their ballot being altered, discarded, or replaced after they cast their votes either in-person or via the mail.